Last Updated: Tue Nov 02, 2010 19:02 pm (KSA) 16:02 pm (GMT)

[FACTBOX] Open ICC investigations

- In Dec. 2003, Uganda referred to the ICC the case of the Lord's Resistance Army, a militia based in the northern part of the country. The ICC opened an investigation in July 2004 and issued arrest warrants for five of the group leaders charged with war crimes and crimes against humanity including murder, rape, slavery, and enlisting childred in combat.

- In March 2004, the Democratic Republic of the Congo referred to the ICC all crimes committed anywhere on its territory since the Rome Statute came into force. The ICC opened an investigation in June 2004. In March 2006, Thomas Lubanga, former leader of the Union of Congolese Patriots militia in northeastern province of Ituri became the first suspect to be arrested and turned over to the ICC. He was followed by two other suspects handed to the court by the Congolese authorities.

- In Dec.2 004, the Central African Republic also referred to the ICC the case of President Ange-Felix Patasse and former Congolese Vice-President Jean-Pierre Bemba when Patasse enlisted the help of Bemba, then head the Congolese rebel army Movement for the Liberation of Congo, to crush insurgency against his regime. The ICC opened investigations in May 2007.

- In March 2005, the U.N. Security Council referred the situation in Drfur since the Rome Statute came into force to the ICC. The ICC opened an investigation in June 2005. It has issued arrest warrants for Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, Minister of State for Humanitarian Affairs Ahmed Mohammed Haroun, and Janjaweed militia leader Ali Kushayb.

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