In three speech attempts to rescue his regime, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak did not know that he will be out of rule by the time he turned eighty-three on the fourth of May.
The war changed Mubarak’s life and introduced him to the world of politics, a step that is completely natural in a country of inherited military rule; He was appointed by President Anwar Sadat as his deputy in 1975.
Mubarak continued al-Sadat's journey toward peace with Israel, even after al-Sadat’s assassination.
Mubarak led Egypt back to the shield of Arab States in 1989 and played an important role in providing the international coalition front, to liberate Kuwait in 1991. Then he targeted his efforts towards continuing the pursuit of a peace process.
Mubarak attempted at the beginning of his rule, to help the Egyptian economy and openness policy. He made Egypt’s stability a priority in the face of several internal security challenges with extremist religious groups.
Mubarak has presented a number of political reforms in measured steps accompanied by internal and external pressures. These reforms achieved multi-party elections and freedom of press.
Egypt's regional role declined after Mubarak’s illness, especially that Mubarak was exclusively ruling Egypt with a policy that was clearly marked with security, along with information stating that Mubarak was seeking to retain the rule until his death, and his son Jamal inheriting the lead.
The street indignation has increased because of the corruption, elections’ fraud, Human rights’ abuses and the deteriorating economic situation. All these causes, ultimately led to the revolution of the 25th of January, which overthrew Mubarak and led to his resignition.
While he was resigning, Mubarak may not have thought that it could lead him to the courtroom; he was not used to be held accountable. The state of chronic depression reported by his close companions, shows that he was shocked by the stance of the country towards him.
He was assumptive that his contribution to the October War would protect him and redeem all his previous acts.
Original report: Youssef Sherif
Adaptation: Sara Sfeir
Voice: Noora Faraj