After working at the Bank of America in Cairo, Jamal moved to work in the bank’s branch in Britain. In 1994, Jamal returned to Cairo with a British citizenship.
He started his double life in politics and trade when he joined the ruling party in Egypt, and as the son of the President, Jamal quickly climbed the ladder of ranks within the party.
The latest rank was the Policy Committee Secretary, which was being in charge of “defining the general policies” of the government, and “reviewing draft legislation”, proposed by the party government before it is forwarded to the Parliament. This has put him, according to his critics, as the person responsible of giving orders to the security forces to kill demonstrators in the Tahrir Square in January 25th. Moreover he was also accused of illicit gains and profiteering of the national wealth, especially in the gas deals with Israel.
His older brother and partner in this deal, businessman Alaa Mubarak, who has distanced himself from politics, was accused of monopolizing foreign companies names, in addition to profiting from state funds. He was also accused of exploiting his social status as the older son of the Egyptian president in illegitimate deals and profiteering from gas deals with Israel too.
Original report: Ammar Hendi
Adaptation: Sara Sfeir
Voice: Noora Faraj