Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin on Friday said his country had no special relationship with the Syrian regime, adding that it was up to the Syrians to decide who should run their country.
With pressure mounting on Moscow to harden its line against Assad, Putin called on both the Damascus regime and opposition rebels to agree a ceasefire but also criticized the West for backing the rebels in the conflict.
“We have no special relationship with Syria,” Putin told foreign news executives late Thursday at a meeting at his suburban Moscow residence ahead of Sunday’s presidential elections in Russia.
Asked whether Assad had a chance to survive the crisis, he added: “I do not know this, I can give no kind of assessments.”
“It’s clear that there are very serious internal problems. The reforms that they (the regime) have offered clearly should have been carried out long ago,” said Putin in comments published on the government website Friday.
Alluding to Assad’s future, he said both sides had to sit down and agree “what reforms there will be and what will be the consequences of these reforms.”
“It is up to the Syrians to decide who should run their country ... We need to make sure they stop killing each other,” he said.
Scattered gunfire could be heard on Friday inside Baba Amro district of Homs and sporadic shelling hit nearby districts, activists said. The overall level of combat exchanges seemed to have receded.
At least 17 rebels were put to death with knives after they were chased into nearby fields, one activist told Reuters.
Snow blanketed the city, where hundreds have died and residents lack food, fuel, power, water and telephone links, activists said.
“The Free Syrian Army and all the other fighters have left Baba Amro,” one activist said from Homs. “They pulled out.”
The drama in Homs unfolded without any immediate comment from Syrian officials or the state media, but Taleb Ibrahim, a Syrian analyst close to the government, said the military’s operation in Homs had “broken the back of the armed groups.”
Russia in February outraged the West by vetoing, along with China, a U.N. Security Council resolution condemning the Assad regime for the violence.
Some analysts saw the Security Council veto as a warning from Putin to Western states that Russia would pursue a tough foreign policy if, as expected, he returns to the Kremlin after Sunday’s presidential elections.
But Putin rejected the idea that Moscow was taking sides in what he described as an “armed civil conflict” and accused the West of worsening the crisis by helping arm the rebels and putting pressure on Assad.
“If you are going to only increase supplies of weapons (to the rebels) and step up pressure on Assad, the opposition will never sit at the negotiating table,” he said.
“Our principle is not to encourage the sides in an armed conflict but make them sit down at the negotiating table and agree acceptable terms for a ceasefire and to stop the human losses,” Putin added.
Syria is a major arms client of Moscow, which has kept strong ties with Damascus going back to the alliance between the Soviet Union and Assad’s father and predecessor Hafez al-Assad.
“I don’t know how much weaponry we are selling to Syria,” said Putin. “We have economic interests in Syria but likely no more than Britain or any other European country,” he added.