While addressing a gathering of dignitaries, including officers and other personnel from the armed forces of Pakistan, Air Chief Marshal Tanvir Mahmood Ahmed said that the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) is committed to providing an invincible defense shield to the aerial frontiers of Pakistan. Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee, General Tariq Majeed, recently called on Prime Minister Syed Yousuf Raza Gilani. He briefed him about the various initiatives taken to make Pakistan’s defense impregnable. Previously, in a December 2008 meeting, the prime minister had told General Tariq Majeed that Pakistan has no aggressive intensions against any country and that it wants friendly relations with all neighbors.
Both men are right: the armed forces of Pakistan needs to take steps to create an and invincible impregnable defense for the nation. However, trying to create an invincible and impregnable defense using only current defense technologies makes it difficult to maintain friendly relations with Pakistan's neighbors. Ultimately the only way to become truly impregnable and creating friendly relations is not to have any enemies. If there are no internal or external threats, there are no enemies. No enemies, no conflict. In this way, Pakistan would become invincible and impregnable. But how could such an ideal goal be achieved in Pakistan where tensions are so high? A proven, scientifically verified approach is needed to reduce the tensions which often result in violent extremism.
Despite its advanced technology and valiant efforts, the Pakistan Armed Forces struggle to eliminate violent extremism. Violent extremism is a human problem requiring human solutions. The underlying cause of extremist social violence is accumulated social stress. Therefore, to eliminate such social problems, the military needs to reduce the collective societal stress in Pakistan.
Extensive scientific research indicates that the best way to reduce collective societal stress, eliminate extremism and thereby snuff out war and terrorism is to adopt an ancient strategy. In modern times this strategy is called Invincible Defense Technology (IDT) and has been revived by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi in a non-religious manner. It has been quietly and successfully used by members of many faiths to eliminate conflict in the past.
A Prevention Wing of the Military consisting of 3% of the Pakistan Armed Forces could achieve this goal. This special unit would be trained in Invincible Defense Technology and would collectively practice its ancient technologies of consciousness--the Transcendental Meditation (TM) and TM-Sidhi programs--in large groups, twice a day.
Extensive research shows that the size of the group needed to reduce social stress in a given population should exceed the square root of 1% of the population size. To calculate this number, multiply the population size by 0.01, and then take the square root of the result. For instance, the population of Pakistan is approximately 165 million: 165,800,000 x 0.01 = 1,658,000, and the square root of 1,658,000 is approximately 1,288, so a group of at least 1,288 IDT experts is needed. (Source: http://www.SquareRootofOnePercent.org)
Studies show that when these thresholds are exceeded, crime goes down, quality of life indices go up, and war and terrorism abate. Scientists named this phenomenon "The Maharishi Effect" in honor of Maharishi, who first predicted it. For instance, a Maharishi Effect intervention was implemented and studied in the US capital of Washington, DC, in 1993. Predictions were lodged in advance with government leaders and newspapers. An independent Project Review Board approved the research protocol. Crime fell 24 percent below expected levels when the group size reached its maximum. Temperature, weekend effects, and previous trends in the data failed to account for changes. These findings were published in Social Indicators Research (1999, vol. 47, 153-201).
Over 50 studies have shown that IDT works. The causal mechanism has been postulated to be a field effect of consciousness—a spillover effect on the level of the unified field from the peace-creating group into the larger population. On this basis, a study in the Journal of Social Behavior and Personality (2005, vol. 17, #1, pp. 339-373) additionally offers a proposed explanation of causality of IDT in biological terms. Research conducted on the powerful neurotransmitter serotonin shows that it produces feelings of contentment, happiness and even euphoria. Low levels of serotonin, according to research, correlate with violence, aggression, and poor emotional moods. The IDT study showed that higher numbers of IDT experts correlated with a marked increase in serotonin production among other community members. These results were statistically significant and followed the attendance figures in the IDT group. This finding offers a plausible neurophysiologic mechanism to explain reduced hostility and aggression in society at large.
IDT has also been documented worldwide in a study published in the Journal of Offender Rehabilitation (2003, vol. 36., #1-4, 283-302) using data provided by the Rand Corporation. When large assemblies of IDT experts exceeded the Maharishi Effect threshold for the world during the years 1983-1985, deaths due to terrorism globally decreased 72%, international conflict decreased 33%, and violence was reduced in nations throughout the world without intrusion by other governments.
The military in Mozambique used IDT to end its civil war in the 1990s. Today, Holland, Bolivia, Colombia, Trinidad and Tobago, and Peru have enough practitioners of the TM-Sidhi program to create the Maharishi Effect. The United States of America is close to achieving the requisite number of IDT experts through the Invincible America Assembly in Fairfield, Iowa. And India is working on a global IDT project. But these are all civilian groups. The pilot project in Mozambique dissolved after the United Nations broke up the military as part of the civil war treaty. High school students, who will graduate and move on, make up the bulk of the practitioners in Colombia. Limited economic opportunities in Iowa have hindered the development of the group in the USA. Consequently, long-term civilian groups may not be reliable to establish these peace-creating effects permanently.
The armed forces of Pakistan are responsible for protecting the nation's citizens, and are obligated to thoroughly examine realistic, scientifically validated methods for ending war and terrorism.
Since the military of Pakistan is funded and its personnel are paid to perform their duties, it is not subject to the fluctuations of donors, jobs, graduations, and optional activities. Military members are paid to protect the nation. Ultimately, it is the duty of the Pakistan Armed Forces to build a Prevention Wing of the Military and make Pakistan truly impregnable and invincible.
* Written for AlArabiya.net. Dr. David Leffler, an eight-year United States Air Force veteran, is now the Executive Director at the Center for Advanced Military Science (CAMS), http://www.www.StrongMilitary.org, an organization in the United States that advocates prevention-oriented technologies in the military. He serves on Board of Editors for the Journal of Management & Social Sciences (JMSS) Institute of Business & Technology BIZTEK in Pakistan.