Activists for women's rights in Saudi Arabia said its decision on Monday to keep a voting ban in place was "outrageous" at a time that Arab governments are taking steps to avert pro-democracy revolts.
The head of the electoral committee charged with preparing for next month's municipal polls said the kingdom was not ready to allow women to vote.
"We are not ready for the participation of women in these municipal elections," said Abdulrahman al-Dahmash, while at the same time renewing promises that authorities would allow women to take part "in the next ballot."
At a time of pro-democracy uprisings across the Arab world, Saudi Arabia, an absolute monarchy, announced last week that it is to hold municipal elections for only the second time, kicking off on April 23 from region to region.
Monday's announcement, however, was "an outrageous mistake that the kingdom is committing. It's just repeating the same mistake of 2005," said Hatoon al-Fassi, a history lecturer at King Saud University in Riyadh.
The oil-rich Gulf state held its first men-only municipal polls in 2005, when Saudis elected half the members of 178 municipal councils across the previously elections-free kingdom.
The government in May 2009 extended the mandate of the councils by two years, postponing a second vote expected to have taken place that year.
Women in the conservative Muslim state were not allowed to run as candidates or to vote in the 2005 polls, a first for the highly-centralized monarchy where all government posts are appointed.
Women's rights activists have long campaigned to lift the many bans which deprive women in Saudi Arabia of what are considered basic freedoms in most parts of the world.
Saudi women are banned from driving and cannot travel without authorisation from their husband or a related male guardian. They have also to cover from head to toe in public.
"Banning women participation only perpetuates the stereotype of the kingdom being a state that oppresses women and constrains their freedom. A state that does not care about its female citizens," Fassi told AFP.
Fassi, a longtime leading women's rights activist in the kingdom, said the decision was "negative" at a time of uprisings in the Arab world demanding a wider political role for ordinary people.
"Changes surround us, but we face them with such a negative position... Burying our head in the sand is fruitless," she said.
Banning women participation only perpetuates the stereotype of the kingdom being a state that oppresses women and constrains their freedom. A state that does not care about its female citizens
Hatoon al-Fassi, a history lecturer at King Saud University
King Abdullah has announced unprecedented economic benefits worth nearly $100 billion and warned against any attempt to undermine security in the country, largely spared by the Arab uprisings.
However, Saudi activist Wajiha al-Hwaidar on Monday appeared to have resigned herself to the "oppression of women" in her country.
"I have grown used to the (attitude of) Saudi officials and women's oppression. All their decisions are disappointing," she told AFP, accusing the authorities of being out of touch with modern life.
"I know these mentalities that despise women... These men who run society still live in the pre-globalisation and pre-modernity times," she said.
Meanwhile, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton on Monday hailed a draft Senate resolution backing the rights of women in the Arab world as the region is swept by political upheavals.
"Women must be included in every aspect of political and institutional reform, because we know that no government can succeed if half its population is excluded from the process," Clinton said in a statement after the legislation was introduced by Republican Senator Olympia Snowe and 16 other women members of the US Senate.
"I thank Senator Snowe and all the women senators for shining a spotlight on the critical role women continue to play in the dramatic events sweeping North Africa and the Middle East," she said.
"This resolution underscores our current efforts to build capacity for good governance, allow all citizens to participate, and ensure that the human rights of all, including those of women, are respected," Clinton added.
I thank Senator Snowe and all the women senators for shining a spotlight on the critical role women continue to play in the dramatic events sweeping North Africa and the Middle East
US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton