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United Arab Emirates confirms creation of Special Forces to tackle contingencies

The United Arab Emirates has confirmed that the crown prince of Abu Dhabi has hired the founder of private security firm Blackwater Worldwide to set up an 800-member battalion of foreign troops for the UAE, a story that was published in the New York Times on Sunday.

The Times said it obtained documents that showed the unit being formed by Erik Prince’s new company Reflex Responses with $529 million from the UAE would be used to thwart internal revolt, conduct special operations and defend oil pipelines and skyscrapers from attack.

Gen. Juma Ali Khalaf al-Hamiri said that the UAE had signed a contract with Reflex Responses, Mr. Prince’s company, but made no mention of the hundreds of Colombian, South African and other foreign troops now training at an Emirati military base. The statement did not mention Mr. Prince by name.

Former employees of Blackwater said that the company had a separate lucrative contract to help protect a string of nuclear reactors planned in the UAE and to provide cyber security for the nuclear sites, the Times said.
General Hamiri’s statement said his country’s military had gone through an “extensive process of development and Emiratization,” which has allowed Emirati forces to make “meaningful contributions” in recent conflicts in places like Kosovo, Iraq, Afghanistan and Libya.

The newspaper said the decision to hire the contingent of foreign troops was taken before a wave of popular unrest spread across the Arab world in recent months, including to the UAE’s Gulf neighbors Bahrain, Oman and Saudi Arabia.

The UAE itself has seen no serious unrest. Most of its population is made up of foreign workers.

Blackwater, which once had lucrative contracts to protect US officials in Iraq, became notorious in the region in 2007 when its guards opened fire in Baghdad traffic, killing at least 14 people in what the Iraqi government called a “massacre.”

One former Blackwater guard pleaded guilty to manslaughter charges in those killings, and a US court reinstated charges against five others in April 2011. Mr. Prince has since sold the firm, which changed its name to Xe. The firm denies wrongdoing.

The newspaper said the UAE, a close ally of the United States, had some support in Washington for Mr. Prince’s new project, although it was not clear if it had official US approval.

Two UAE government officials contacted by Reuters declined immediate comment on the New York Times report, and the United States embassy in the UAE’s capital, Abu Dhabi, also had no immediate comment. It was not possible to locate Mr. Prince for comment.

The Times quoted a US official who was aware of the program as saying: “The Gulf countries, and the UAE in particular, don’t have a lot of military experience. It would make sense if they looked outside their borders for help.”

State Department spokesman Mark Toner told The Times the department was investigating to see if the project broke any US laws. US law requires a license for American citizens to train foreign troops.

Toner also pointed out that Blackwater, now known as Xe Services, had paid $42 million in fines in 2010 for training foreign forces in Jordan without a license, the Times said.

According to former employees of the project and US officials cited by the Times, the troops were brought to a training camp in the UAE from Colombia, South Africa and other countries, starting in the summer of 2010.

Retired US military, and former members of German and British special operations units and the French Foreign Legion were training them, the Times said.

Mr. Prince had insisted the force hire no Muslims, because they “could not be counted on to kill fellow Muslims,” the paper said.

Former employees also told the newspaper the Emirates hoped the force could be used to counter any threat from Iran, which the Arab states in the Gulf consider a foe.

Although the Times said the documents it obtained did not mention Erik Prince, former employees had told the newspaper he had negotiated the contract with Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed al-Nahyan.

Emirati officials had proposed expanding the force to a brigade of several thousand if the first battalion was successful, the newspaper said.

(By arrangement with Reuters)