Iraq’s fiercely anti-American cleric Moqtada al-Sadr on Sunday called on his followers to suspend attacks against US troops to ensure they leave Iraq by a year-end deadline.
But the Shiite cleric, whose Mahdi Army militia fought US forces until 2008, warned that if they did not depart on time, military operations would resume and be “very severe”.
“Because of my eagerness to accomplish the independence of Iraq and have the invader forces withdraw from our holy land, it has become imperative for me to stop military operations ... until the invader forces complete their withdrawal,” Sadr said in a statement read out by his spokesman Salah al-Ubaidi.
“If not, the military operation will start again and with new approaches, and it will be very severe.”
American troops are scheduled to withdraw fully by December 31, more than eight years after the 2003 invasion, but Iraq’s leaders are currently negotiating with the United States on whether to retain US military trainers beyond 2011.
Sadr paid tribute to “the resistance for its actions” and said his movement was now working “hand in hand with the government to achieve the liberation of the country and supporting it against US pressure.”
In July, Major General Jeffrey Buchanan, spokesman for US forces in Iraq accused three Shiite militia groups of being behind attacks on US troops.
He named them as the Promised Day Brigades, formed by Sadr in November 2008, and Kataeb Hezbollah and Assaib Ahl al-Haq, two splinter groups which broke away from Sadr’s former Mahdi Army militia.
The new US Army chief warned on Thursday against leaving too large a force in Iraq after a year-end deadline, saying too many boots on the ground could feed the perception of an American “occupation.”
Sadr warned last month that US military trainers who stayed in Iraq after the end of the year would be targets. About 43,000 remaining troops are due to leave Iraq under a security agreement between the two countries.
While Sadr’s Mehdi Army has for the most part been demobilized, US officials say splinter groups have continued to attack US soldiers.
“We shall soon see whether the Promised Day Brigade and others affiliated with al-Sadr’s organization continue to conduct attacks against US forces and the Iraqi government, or if these are just words without the deeds to back them up,” US military spokesman Colonel Barry Johnson said in an emailed response to Sadr’s statement.
Although violence in Iraq has dropped dramatically from the height of sectarian fighting in 2006-7, bombings and killings occur daily and Sunni insurgents and Shiite militia are still capable of carrying out lethal operations.
Attacks against Iraqi and US security forces have climbed in recent months. While there were no US military casualties in August, 14 US soldiers were killed in June, the deadliest month for US forces since 2008.
Iraqi security forces are seen to be capable of tackling internal threats, but say they still need training for their air and naval defenses, and some heavy conventional weaponry.
Ubaidi said if the Iraqi government wanted, Sadrists were ready to secure the roads for US troops as they depart Iraq.
Sadr’s political movement is a key ally of Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki in his fragile coalition mix of Shiites, Sunnis and Kurds.
He has in the past threatened to revive the Mahdi Army if US troops stay, but Sadrist sources have said the militia is riven with splinter groups and internal divisions.
US officials and Sunni Arab leaders accused the Mahdi Army of being behind many of the sectarian killings in Iraq after the 2003 US-led invasion that deposed Sunni dictator Saddam Hussein.