Political alliances in the post-revolutionary Egypt
In the post revolutionary Egypt, especially following a presidential election in which the Muslim Brotherhood group triumphed, civilian, central and Islamic groups are coming together to form alliances and consolidate their efforts in the race to power.
In a recent study Al Arabiya Institute for Studies and Training draws the map of the new alliances in the post revolutionary Egypt.
After their setback in the last presidential elections and the rise of the Islamic movement, civic dorces are striving to form political/electoral alliances to create one or more efficient poles within the political scene of Today’s Egypt.
The following is an overview of the political alliances which emerged after the presidential elections, their key figures and their programs.
The post elections alliances
#Alliance of Egyptian Patriotism
It combines the Popular Current and the Democratic Revolutionary Coalition. Mohamed ElBaradei's Constitution Party declined to join the alliance.
A- The Egyptian Popular current
This coalition was announced on Sept. 21, 2012 by former presidential candidate Hamdeen Sabbahi in order to create “a third current,” promoting centrism, and due to initiate a powerful Egyptian opposition party, led by a progressive young generation.
Goals of the current:
It has three priorities: Establishing a democratic political system and reinstating the sovereignty of the people, the source of all powers. The system should be founded on a new constitution which safeguards public freedoms and realizes the segregation of powers and rebuilds the state’s entities and guarantees the independence of the judiciary, and the freedom of the media, the press, creativity, thought and beliefs.
Figures of the current
In addition to the founder, the Egyptian elite of cofounders consists of Dr. Mohamad Ghoneim and Abdul Hakim Abdul Nasser, the leftist leader Abdul- GHaffar Shokr, leader of the popular coalition party, the labor leader Kamal Abou Ayta, head of the union of independent labor syndicates, Dr. Mustapha Al-Jundi, Magdi al-Maasarawi, Shahinda Mukallid, the founder of the farmers syndicate, the novelist Bahaa Taher, the journalist Hamdi Kandeel and the movie director Khaled Youssef.
B- The revolutionary democratic coalition
This coalition was announced on Sept. 19, 2012 at Champoleon street in Cairo. It consists of 10 parties and leftist movements: the Popular Socialist Coalition Party, Tajamoa (Assembly) Party, the Communist Party, the Socialist Party, Party of Workers and Farmers, the Union of Socialist Youth, Mena Daniel movement, Popular Democratic Movement and the National Coalition Against Corruption.
Goals of the coalition:
The coalition aims at combating the neo-liberal economic policies while safeguarding the economic and social interests of the popular class. It reiterates on the importance of establishing an economic system that protecting workers’ rights and combating poverty and marginalization, monopoly and corruption.
#Coalition of the Egyptian Nation
The Coalition of the Egyptian Nation or the Egyptian Conference Coalition is a national Egyptian coalition founded by Amr Moussa in 2012 in collaboration with key political and public figures, such as the engineer Hasballah al-kafrawi. Dr. Yehya al-Jamal, Ayman Noor and Dr. Refaat al-Saeed, head of Tajamoa Party.
Goals of the coalition as per the national document
1- The coalition aims at preserving the harmony of the Egyptian society and protecting national security. 2- Unifying the opposition in one entity. 3- Putting national strategies in all fields 4- Drafting a constitution that guarantees a civil state based on democracy, preserving basic rights 5- Coordinating among coalition members 6- Participating efficiently in legislative and municipal elections based on equality and equal opportunities 7- Egypt is a modern state 8- preserving the rights and freedom of expression 9- the coalition guarantees press freedom.
# National Bloc Coalition, National movement party
Former prime minister Ahmad Shafiq, on Sept. 21, 2012 joined the list of founders of the party, headed by the former MP Mohamad Abou Hamed, and Makram Mohamad Ahmad, former head of journalists’ association, Lamees Jaber, the writer and columnist, and Saad eddine Ibrahim, the director of Ibn Khaldoun center, Waheed Hamed, the scenarist, and Tarek Noor, the publicity and media expert.
Shafiq said that he aims for a country that responds to the ambition of its youth, preserves the rights of the future generations, and doesn’t underestimate the achievements of the past, in a country run by a strong, independent and just government.
# Coalition of the People’s Representatives
Announced by the former MP Haydar Baghdadi, in presence of members of the abolished National party and former MPs. It will gather 200 former MPs to decide on the main principles by which they will participate at the upcoming elections in face of the religious movement.
The spokesperson Jamal Abdul Maksoud said that they will fiercely oppose a Brotherhood run state and will not allow any manipulation of the constitution or the country’s riches.
The former MP Haydar Baghdadi, the mayor Nayef Jeerat Allah, Jamal Abdul Maksoud, Atef Achmouny, the adviser Mohamad Amer, Talaat Moutawaa, the columnist Mahmoud Nafady deputy editor in chief of al-Joumhouriya newspaper, Mahmoud Maghawry, and some 117 members from the abolished party.
The coalition’s document digned by prominent members, the signatories reiterated that they aim to stop any laws that prohibit the political participation of any Egyptian, and that the post revolution democracy should guarantee that no political or religious group will have a monopoly over the political life, refusing any attempts from the constituent association to change the image of the Egyptian state or attack the founding principles of this state.
Goals of the coalition:
The coalition aims at redefining the political and parliamentary map in Egypt after the new constitution to incorporate all the components from different factions, without exclusion, with a big role for the coalition members due to their experience, through reinstating the confidence in them.
#Coalitions Uunder formation
1- Coalition of the Constitution Party
In spite of all rumors and news, the party denies any active relationship except with the Justice Party. It might be pausing for a while until the alliances become clearer, which will give it a preferential status in the upcoming alliances.
2-Coalition of strong Egypt
Dr. Abdul-Monem Abou El Foutouh announced it was working to form a revolutionary coalition of parties from Justice, Center, Democratic Egyptian, April 6 movement.
The coalition announced that it is still completing its structure and it is premature to announce any electoral alliances, declaring its full support to public and individual freedoms, as well as the marginalized and impoverished, aiming at full empowerment of citizenship.
#Coalition of Islamic forces
“Get United” is the title of this coalition, as announced by the deputy leader of the Muslim Brotherhood Khayrat al-Chater, to create the largest Islamic coalition in order to hinder the dominance of liberal and civil parties on the next parliament, and the subsequent conflict with the president Mohamad Mursi.
Dr. Tarek al-Zoummar of the building and development party and the Islamic Jamaa’ declared that his party will be part of this coalition, to create the largest Islamic alliance after the adoption of the elections law.
The alliance between Al Noor party, and the party of freedom and justice will be the main engine of this alliance, and these parties might set aside their differences until they win the elections.
In fact, the Islamic movement is not the only political entity to face challenges in formulating the right political/electoral coalition as his opponents are facing bigger challenges. As the Islamic movement enjoys a common religious ground with other Islamic parties, while the only thing that unites his opponents is their need to unite against it.
But in all means it is still early to determine the final map of coalitions and alliances in the fast moving sands of Egyptian politics.